FAQ's About Nepal

Frequently Asked Questions

Where is Nepal?
Nepal is a land locked, mountainous kingdom in southern Asia. It is located between India and China. The capital of Nepal is ‘Kathmandu’ More .

What is Nepal known for?
Nepal is known for Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, spectacular natural beauty that can be seen in its land specially hilly regions, known as the birth place of Lord Buddha, and the Hindu Goddess Lord Sita. Also known as the home of Gurkha Warriors. It is also known as a country with abundant Natural Water Sources.

What is the national language of Nepal?
Nepal’s national language is called Nepali. It is written in Devnagri Script. This script is the same as the one used in Hindi language – the national language of India. There are more than 106 different spoken languages in Nepal.

What’s the common form of greeting in Nepal?

It is called Namaste or Namaskar. You can say the greeting in words as well as do it using a gesture. Join your palms together and bring them close to your chest and about 5 to 7 inches below your chin. The word Namaste has many meanings such as Hello, How are you?, I am glad to see you, nice to meet you, good morning, etc.

What is the National Anthem of Nepal?

In Nepali:
Shri man gumbhira nepali prachanda pratapi bhupati
Shri pach sarkar maharajadhiraja ko sada rahos unnati
Rakhun chi rayu eeshale praja phailiyos pukaraun jaya premale
Hami nepali bhaeesarale.

English Translation:
May glory crown you, courageous Sovereign,
You, the gallant Nepalese,
Shri Pansh Maharajadhiraja, our glorious ruler,
May he live for many years to come
And may the number of his subjects increase.
Let every Nepalese sing this with joy.

What’s the currency of Nepal?

Currency is spelled as Nepalese Rupees or Rupee (Rs) or in short NRS. 100 Paisa equals 1 Rs. Nepali Notes are 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5, 2, and 1 rupees, and coins are rarely used.

What are Nepalese (Nepali) people like?

Nepalese are friendly and hospitable by nature. Travelers count Nepalese among the best friends in the world. Nepalese respect Guests as God. And there is a popular phrase every Nepali knows, it says : “Guest equals God”. A part of the reasons why people revisit Nepal is because of the friendliness and warmth of Nepali people.

How far will my money go in Nepal?

Your money goes far in Nepal. To find out just how much, have a look at the exchange rates. The only cost is the cost of getting to Nepal, the rest is cheap. See Visa and Money Matters | Travel

What can I do in Nepal as a traveler?

So you found this country tiny? Hold your breath and discover what it packs! You can do so much only in Nepal. More >>

When is the best time to travel in Nepal?

Best time to travel to Nepal is October to November, and February to April.

How safe is traveling to Nepal?

Traveling to Nepal. Exercise caution when traveling to Maoist affected areas mainly remote parts of Nepal which includes Gorkha, Palpa, Nawalparasi, Syangja, Banke, Dang, Surkhet, Kalikot, Rukum, Jajarkot, Rolpa, and Salyan.

What are some basic Nepali customs that I should know about?

Take off your shoes before entering a temple or one’s home
Ask for permission before entering a Hindu temple
Taking photographs inside the most temples are considered illegal
Ask for permission before taking photographs of objects, and including Nepali people.
Nepali people are friendly by nature. Have a genuine interest in them. Talk to them. Be friendly as you travel..
More on Customs

Is my license valid for driving in Nepal?

International Driving license is valid for driving in Nepal

Do I need a visa for Nepal?

Visa is required to enter Nepal, and it can be obtained at the point of entry such as Kathmandu Airport

Do I need to obtain Permit before trekking in Nepal?

Trekking permit is only required to trek in the restricted areas. Before trekking, you should register with your country’s Embassy or Consulate located in Nepal. They will also help you obtain trekking permit, if required.

What time is it now in Nepal and What’s the phone code?

Nepali time is GMT/UTC plus 5 Hours 45 minutes. Area code for dialing to Nepal: Country Code: 977 Kathmandu City Code: 1 (e.g. 977 1 478111 First three digits is the country code, second is the area code, the last digits are telephone numbers. Current Time of Kathmandu | City Area Codes

I have a lap top. Will it work in Nepal!??

Nepal uses 220V, 50HZ Electricity.

Are there ATM facilities in Nepal?

Yes, in Kathmandu and Pokhara. International credit cards (Master Card, Visa Card etc ) are also accepted in all leading hotels, shopping centers, bars and restaurants in Nepal.

How much does a taxi fare cost in Nepal?

From Kathmandu Airport to any part of the City should not cost you more than Rs 300.

What are health requirements to visit Nepal?

Nepal does not require any specific immunization for visitors. It is however best to have vaccine before coming to Nepal. Your doctor can advice you on the type of vaccine to be taken to travel to third world countries like Nepal.

How do I stay in good health when traveling in Nepal?

Enter Nepal with one or two vaccine taken for common diseases like malaria. When in Nepal, eat thoroughly cooked food. Avoid salad. Drink only the reputed brand of bottled water. Soft drinks like Coke, Pepsi are fine to drink. Avoid Fast foods. Wear a mask (if possible) when walking in the dusty and polluted streets, specially during the summer season in Nepal it can be tough to walk in the streets. See AlsoEmergency Telephone Directory

What to wear in Nepal?

In the mountain areas, warm woolen clothing are necessary while at lower altitude cotton clothing is ideal.

What can I bring with me to Nepal?

You are permitted to carry one bottle of spirits and two bottles or 12 cans of beer free of duty, also includes personal items such as binoculars, cameras, film stock, record player, tape recorder, transistor, and radio. It is illegal to export antiques; objects like metal statue, sacred images, paintings, and manuscripts.

What are the Religions of Nepal?

Nepal is the world’s only constitutionally declared Hindu state, and the constitution protects religious and cultural freedom. According to the 2001 census, 80.6 percent of Nepalese are Hindu, 10.7 percent are Buddhist, 4.2 are Muslim, 3.6 percent are Kirat (an indigenous religion), 0.5 percent are Christian, and 0.4 percent are classified as other groups. Although the population is mostly Hindu, since the 1971 census Hindus have shown the greatest decline as a percentage of the population, and Buddhists and Kirats have increased the most: in 1971 Hindus were 89.4 percent of the population, Buddhists 7.5 percent, and Kirats 0 percent. However, statistics on religious groups are complicated by dual faith practices— particularly among Hindus and Buddhists. Moreover, shifts in the population’s religious composition also reflect political changes. The 1990 constitution ended the government’s promotion of Hindu nationalism and official suppression of political participation based on religious, cultural, and linguistic traits. This policy has enabled greater freedom of religious expression and allowed the census to officially enumerate more religious groups. It has also enabled Christian foreign and local missionaries (funds are not local ones) to share Christ with local people more aggressively, praying for healing of illness and offering scholarships to kids. The growth of Christianity is creating divides in families and a traditionally tolerant society. The geographical distribution of religious groups in the early 1990s revealed a great amount of Hindus, accounting for at least 87 percent of the population in every region. The largest concentrations of Buddhists were found in the eastern hills, the Kathmandu Valley, and the central Taral; in each area about 10 percent of the people were Buddhist. Buddhism was relatively more common among the Newar and Tibeto-Nepalese groups. Among the Tibeto-Nepalese, those most influenced by Hinduism were the Margar, Sunwar and Rai peoples. Hindu influence was less prominent among the Gurung, Limbu, Bhote, and Thakali groups, who continued to employ Buddhist monks for their religious ceremonies.


There is an old saying that in Kathmandu there are more temples than houses, and more gods than people. It is very close to the truth. There are 33 million gods and goddesses. Hinduism dates back to 2,000-3,000 BC and as a religion it is difficult to understand. There is no creed or doctrinal belief, but it is based more on religious experience. There is no organized structure on any level. Various people have different levels of understanding within this religion. Hinduism encompasses the whole of life with social conformity touching every aspect of one’s life. Hinduism is based on sacred ancient books, called the Vedas. Human life is a series of lives with rebirth and reincarnation making life cyclical. Caste, with its various social starts, is generally a part of the Hindu religion. (The four main castes are Brahman, Chettries. Vases, and Sutras.) There is a cosmic law, dharma, which governs the whole universe, both material and spiritual aspects.

There are different roles for different people, within this cosmic system, and each should stay in their place and fulfill their purpose, not try to be something they are not meant to be. There are rituals performed at various stages of life, similar to sacraments (Birth, First time child eating rice, caste initiation, marriage and funeral rite). As Hinduism developed, some came to believe that although divinities appear in separate forms these forms are a part of one universal spirit called Brahman.

Many divinities make up Brahman. The most important gods are Brahman, the creator of the universe, Vishnu its preserver and Shiva, its destroyer along with his wife, Kail or Drug, Vishnu manifests himself at various times. (Ram, Krishna, and the current king are some of these manifestations.) The most important god to a Hindu is the one right there where he lives. A few things to note are: There are certain Hindu festivals celebrated in Nepal. The main ones are Desai in October, Tihar in November and Tij in late monsoon. A Hindu villager in need of help is just as likely to call the Tamang Janeiro (witchdoctor) as the Brahmin pujahari (priest). The characteristic sign of Hindu worship is the reception of the Tika on the forehead. It is usually made from vermilion paste and rice grains. Parsed is food sacrificed to idols and received back by the people offering it. For a Hindu, it is a great privilege to be asked to share in this.


Buddhism dates back to about 500 BC and strictly speaking started as an offshoot from Hinduism. It was founded by Siddharta Gautam Sake, born about 566-544 BC in Lumbini, who at age 29, realizing the futility of human life, left behind his family wealth and assumed a life of meditation in Bihar. Sometime later, he claimed that he had received enlightenment and from then on sought to teach an increasing number of disciples. The main principles of his teaching are found in The four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path. He was regarded as having achieved Buddha and died about 486-473BC. Signs of Buddhist practices are pillars, chorines, prayer wheels, prayer flags, prayer beads, lamas, monks and monasteries.

ANIMISM (Shamanism):

There is a strong heritage of basic spirit worship underlying the veneer of Hinduism. It includes spirit worship and appeasement, as well as ancestor worship. It encompasses belief in clan gods, planet gods, ancestor spirits and includes practices such as fetishes, taboos, mantras or spells, sacrifices, horoscopes, divination and witchcraft. The Shaman is the holy man.